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Wheat cultivars with small root length density in the topsoil increased post-anthesis water use and grain yield in the semi-arid region on the Loess Plateau
Yan Fang1,2; Liyan Liang1,2; Shuo Liu1,2
2021
Source PublicationEuropean Journal of Agronomy
Volume124Issue:1Pages:1-13
Abstract

Large distribution of roots in topsoil layers allow more uptake of soil water and nutrients during the vegetative
growth, but it may be disadvantageous if soil water deficit develops during the reproductive stage. The rela-
tionship between the distribution of roots in topsoil (0–0.4 m) and soil water use, dry matter and nitrogen (N)
accumulations, and grain yield was examined in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) with contrasting root size in
the topsoil. Two old landraces (CW134 and JM47, larger root length and biomass in the topsoil) and two modern
wheat cultivars (CH58 and LH7, smaller root system size in the topsoil), were grown in the field during two
seasons (2016–2017 and 2017–2018) under rainfed and irrigation conditions in the semi-arid farmland on the
Loess Plateau. Root biomass and root length density (RLD) in topsoil (0–0.4 m) was significantly higher in the old
landraces than in the modern cultivars (P < 0.05) under rainfed and irrigation in both seasons (no such difference
in subsoil, 0.4–1.0 m). The modern cultivars had significantly higher grain yield, grain N concentration, water-
use efficiency (WUE), and 1000-grain weight (P < 0.05). Seasonal water use was similar among all cultivars, but
post-anthesis water use was higher in the modern cultivars, particularly under rainfed conditions in both seasons.
Root biomass and RLD in the topsoil was positively correlated with pre-anthesis water use, but negatively
correlated with after anthesis water use. Post-anthesis water use was closely related to post-anthesis dry matter,
N accumulation, yield and WUE under rainfed conditions. To conclude, large distribution of roots in the topsoil
had non-advantage for wheat grown under rainfed conditions. The small distribution of roots in the topsoil
(characteristics of modern wheat cultivars) enhanced post-anthesis water use, increased post-anthesis dry matter
and N accumulation, and hence attained higher grain yield and grain N when grown in the semi-arid
environment.

Indexed By中文核心期刊要目总览
Document Type期刊论文
Identifiersbir.nwafu.edu.cn/handle/361005/10884
Collection水保所知识产出(1956---)
Affiliation1.State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A&F University
2.Instituteof Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yan Fang,Liyan Liang,Shuo Liu. Wheat cultivars with small root length density in the topsoil increased post-anthesis water use and grain yield in the semi-arid region on the Loess Plateau[J]. European Journal of Agronomy,2021,124(1):1-13.
APA Yan Fang,Liyan Liang,&Shuo Liu.(2021).Wheat cultivars with small root length density in the topsoil increased post-anthesis water use and grain yield in the semi-arid region on the Loess Plateau.European Journal of Agronomy,124(1),1-13.
MLA Yan Fang,et al."Wheat cultivars with small root length density in the topsoil increased post-anthesis water use and grain yield in the semi-arid region on the Loess Plateau".European Journal of Agronomy 124.1(2021):1-13.
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